Delicious & Healthy: The Ultimate Guide to Rat Treats

by Joshua Paulson

Delicious & Healthy The Ultimate Guide to Rat Treats


Rats are energetic, lively, and social pets that need a varied diet. But you’ll also want to make room for some tasty treats when feeding them. Many owners see treats as just that – treats – but that doesn’t mean they aren’t necessary. They’re essential for optimal health, mental stimulation, and bonding between you and your furry friend.

Here, we’ll cover all the basics about rat treats, including what types to avoid.

The Importance of Balanced Nutrition for Rats

While they might seem similar to other rodent pets, rats are much different. They have particular needs when it comes to their diets.

Rats are omnivores, meaning their ideal nutrition consists of many varied food groups. Your pet should be munching on mealworms, fruits, vegetables, seeds, and grains. Regarding macronutrients, they should have a mix of protein, carbohydrates, and fats while avoiding sugar and salt.

Another consideration is mineral intake. Rats make their own vitamin C but still need sources of iron, calcium, and B vitamins daily. They typically won’t reach this through their main course meals. That’s why rat treats are so important.

On account of their small size, rats can also easily be overfed. Overfeeding your rat can lead to obesity, potentially making them lethargic and even increasing the risk of heart disease. A proper diet can positively affect a rat’s lifespan, allowing them to live healthier and longer.

Common Rat Treats

Treat Benefits Recommended Serving Size
Fruits (Apple, Banana) Rich in vitamins and fiber Small slices, once a week
Vegetables (Carrot, Broccoli) High in nutrients and low in calories Small pieces, 2-3 times a week
Cooked Pasta Source of carbohydrates Small amount, occasionally
Cooked Chicken High in protein Small pieces, occasionally
Yogurt Drops Calcium and probiotics 1-2 drops, occasionally
Whole Grain Cereal Fiber and some vitamins Few pieces, occasionally

Other Popular and Healthy Rat Treats

The good thing about rats is that they aren’t the pickiest of eaters. Ideally, you should stick to multiple food groups to ensure they get the necessary macronutrients and minerals for development. Doing so is especially important during the early phases of your rat’s life. You can switch which treats you feed your rat depending on the day of the week.

Also, make sure to monitor your rat’s health. For example, they may need more fiber if they have digestive issues. In that case, opt for fruits and whole grains. If you’re unsure what treat is best for your rat’s condition, it’s always a good idea to consult a veterinarian.

Here are some of the main healthiest rat treats to feed your pet.

Rat eating a treat from a human


One of the most common treats for rats includes a combination of fruits. Rats absolutely love these exciting treats because of their vitamins and natural sugars. The fructose and glucose in fruit act as an immediate energy source. Likewise, each fruit is different, so they may also get a helping of fiber and other vitamins. Many favorite fruit rat treats are filled with vitamins A and B and have antioxidants.

When preparing fruit for your pet rat, thoroughly wash it before serving. You can give them fruit slices two to three times a week about the size of your rat’s ear or even smaller.

Here are some common choices:

  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Berries
  • Melons
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Watermelons
  • Plumbs


While fruits can be a sweet treat, vegetables are just as important. This food group comes packed with benefits like vitamin K in broccoli and fiber to aid your rat’s digestion. Remember, a rat’s digestive system is particularly sensitive and can easily be disturbed, making fiber-dense treats a staple of their diets. Vegetables also tend to be high in nutrients while being low in calories. They’re a healthy treat for promoting your rat’s health without accidentally overfeeding them.

Rat on a pile of vegetables

Here are some excellent vegetable choices:

  • Broccoli
  • Peas
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Carrot
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Kale
  • Squash


Fruit and vegetables are essential for daily vitamin intake. However, protein is what makes your rat big and strong. You should make them a considerable part of your rat’s diet as they promote muscular development and overall health.

Protein sources can also benefit your rat’s immune system, hormonal production, and enzyme function. These delicious treats give them the strength to run around and play as they grow.

Some excellent choices include:

  • Lean-cooked chicken strips
  • Other cooked meats like turkey, beef, or pork
  • Boiled eggs
  • Small fish pieces
  • Tofu

Remember, salt can be potentially dangerous for rats. It can cause many long-term health issues. Ensure to serve these protein sources cooked yet plain with no additional salt or spices.

Grains and Cereals

Grains and cereals can be another cornerstone of your rat’s treatment diet. They’re especially high in fiber for digestion while providing carbohydrates, a tremendous immediate energy source.

Rat eating a small treat with his hands

Each grain differs, so some can benefit from additional vitamins and minerals. For example, whole grain cereal has tons of vitamin B, niacin, and thiamine.

Here are some popular choices for helping your rat hit their carbohydrate intake:

  • Cooked pasta
  • Whole grain cereal
  • Rice
  • Oats
  • Other grains like quinoa


Most people might think that rats love cheese above all else. However, you should serve dairy products more cautiously than other rat treats. Like other mammals, your pet rat can become increasingly lactose intolerant with age. If you give your rat dairy, make sure to monitor any changes in their digestion.

But that doesn’t mean dairy doesn’t have its benefits. Feeding your rat small amounts of dairy can give it a healthy dose of calcium, essential for strong bones and teeth. Some dairy options like cheese also provide enough fat, which is beneficial for optimal hormone production.

Just avoid overly processed options with a high salt content. Instead, you can opt for mozzarella or cheddar.

Some potentially good dairy treat options for your rat include:

  • Mild cheeses (like mozzarella, cottage cheese or cheddar)
  • Yoghurt drops
  • Milk

rat on a wooden platform


The food groups above should be your go-to options as they’re the best treats for rats. Vegetables, fruit, protein sources, and grains give them the macronutrients, minerals, and vitamins they need to live a long and healthy life. Besides physical health, they’ll also keep your rat happy and mentally stimulated throughout the day.

However, there are still more treatment options that your rat can choose from. These examples should be served less frequently as some have a higher sugar content.

  • Dog biscuits – Yep! Some rats have a taste for dog biscuits. These crunchy snacks are great treats for rats since they contain many extra vitamins and minerals. However, make sure to read the nutritional label. You should avoid dog treats high in salt, onion, or garlic.
  • Nuts and seeds – They contain essential amino acids, fats, minerals, and vitamins. Rats naturally eat them in the wild, and your pet will love them too. Just make sure that they’re unsalted. Some products include sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, and flax seeds. When giving your rat nuts, opt for hazelnuts or walnuts.
  • Peanut butter – This is yet another treat that rats will love. You can typically combine this option with other treats like oats. However, this works better as an occasional treat since it’s known for its high-fat content.
  • Wild insects – These are another protein source that rats love to eat in the wild. You can give them meal worms, silk worms, and crickets. But make sure that you’re getting insects from a trusted source. You’ll want to avoid insects with pesticides and other contaminants.
  • Cooked legumes – With legumes, your rats will have the variety to keep them happy. As always, these treats should be unsalted and plain. Some ideal options include peas and lentils.

Rat eating a carrot

Specialty Store-Bought Treats

While cutting up some fruit and veggies is a great option, you may want to also consider specialty store-bought treats for your rat. These treats are made from specialized formulas designed to give your rat all the necessary nutritional content.

However, you’ll want to check the nutritional labels. Store-bought options can be great for the most part, but you should avoid products that contain:

  • Artificial coloring or flavors – While this might make the snack look more appealing, it isn’t the healthiest option for your rats. Instead, you should go with all-natural store-bought rat treats.
  • Fillers – Many products might have fillers like corn syrup or bulk agents. These can make your rat gain weight while giving no added nutritional value.

You might want to introduce the change gradually when switching from regular treats to store-bought formulas. This will give your rat time to adjust to the new nutrients. Also, monitor any sudden health changes or if your rat is gaining weight. You can then make the best decision.

Store-Bought vs. Homemade Rat Treats

Typically, rats will have a diet of rat pellets from the store. This makes it essential to get the treat quota just right. Many prefer adding store-bought treats to the mix. Some of the benefits include:

  • Convenience – Getting fruits at the store is easier than preparing the mix yourself.
  • Specialized formulas – Store-bought rat treats are tailored to your rat’s nutritional needs.

However, there are some drawbacks:

  • Additives – Some store-bought treats have unhelpful additives that can negatively impact your rat’s health.
  • Specific needs – Your rat may have preferences or conditions that make store-bought foods a bad option.

At the same time, homemade treats are another way to provide the proper rat care. With homemade options, you can control exactly what your rat is fed and choose fresher options. Both options are valid; you can choose depending on convenience and your rat’s preferences.

Rat on a cage

Treats to Avoid

Just because rats have a varied diet doesn’t mean they can eat everything. There are some foods that your rats should avoid as they could be toxic and lead to serious health complications.

Here are foods you should never feed your rat:

  • Citrus fruits of any kind
  • Any type of raw beans (including green beans, broad beans, bean sprouts, edamame beans, and dry beans)
  • Raisins
  • Onion and garlic
  • Raw sweet potatoes
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Processed foods
  • Alcoholic or caffeinated drinks
  • Chocolate

Some foods on this list will only cause mild discomfort, while others are downright toxic to rats. For example, carbonated drinks might just lead to gas and discomfort since rats technically can’t belch like many other animals.

Other foods like raw beans can wreak havoc on a rat’s digestive tract and simply aren’t digestible. Continually consuming citrus fruits like oranges could cause kidney damage in certain rats. Processed foods can be fatty and high in sugar, leading to obesity and heart problems over time, too.

Rat on a tube eating a treat

Ready to Spoil Your Furry Buddy?

A balanced rat diet consists of varied nutrients, including carbohydrates, fats, protein, fibers, vitamins, and minerals. Consider feeding your rat some cooked rice, a small serving of chicken, grains, vegetables, and fruits to ensure they get all they need. Just be careful not to overfeed them.

If you need rat food, rat supplies. or a rat cage for your furry buddy, contact Quality Cage. You can select from a wide range of products to ensure your pet’s diet, comfort, and overall well-being.


What are good treats for rats?

There are all kinds of good treats for rats spanning different food groups. Be sure to include all of them, including fruit, vegetables, grains, and protein sources. Some good rat treats include strawberries, nuts, seeds, broccoli, mild cheeses, and yogurt drops. All of these will give your rat a balanced diet while also feeding them their regular rat food.

What is a rat’s favorite snack?

Your rat’s favorite snack will vary because there are different types of pet rats. For example, some rats might prefer brown rice and apple seeds. Others might love yogurt drops. However, most prefer fresh fruit slices and berries as favorite treats.

What is a pet rat’s favorite treat?

Besides berries, many rats eat dried fruit like banana chips and dehydrated bananas. This is a fun treat but should only be given to your rat once on occasion as it is high in sugar content.

How to make healthy rat treats?

You can also make your rat treats to ensure that your rat has a wholesome, balanced diet. For example, consider mashing a banana with a teaspoon of unsweetened peanut butter. You can also add oats to the mix. Once complete, you can serve it to your rat as an occasional treat.


Have Questions About Healthy Rat Treats?

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Author: Joshua Paulson and Quality Cage Team
Josh is the owner and CEO at Quality Cage Crafters since 2015. During his time at Quality Cage Crafters he has been able to learn from tens of thousands of pet owners and pet educators. He blends his ambition for manufacturing and passion for animal care to create solutions for pet owners, breeders, animal rescues, and zoos. He has brought together a team of great animal lovers to create high quality pet care content for the Quality Cage Crafters audience.

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